Introduction to Juvenile Justice in Virginia Why there is a juvenile justice system, how the juvenile system differs from the adult system, the juvenile justice process, types of hearings, when a juvenile can be detained, and consequences of committing a crime.
Your parents have the right to “custody and control” of you.
Custody and control means you must obey your parents unless they ask you to break the law, and they must take care of you. Your parents are no longer legally responsible, nor do they have legal control over you.
Parents must provide you with necessary food, clothing, shelter, and medical care as well as supervision, discipline, protection, and education. This is called reaching the “age of majority.” Under some circumstances, a teen at least 16 years old may petition the Juvenile and Domestic Relations District Court to be “emancipated.” ( § 16.1-331).
There are four circumstances under which a court may declare that the minor is emancipated.
Property Crimes Types of crimes involving taking or destroying property and penalties involved.
Shoplifting To introduce students to Virginia laws related to shoplifting and larceny, and the serious penalties for violating these laws.There are six classes of felonies – Class 1 is the most serious and Class 6 is the least serious. There are four classes of misdemeanors – Class 1 is the most serious and Class 4 is the least serious.Any person 18 years of age or older, including the parent of any child, who (i) willfully contributes to, encourages, or causes any act, omission, or condition that renders a child delinquent, in need of services, in need of supervision, or abused or neglected as defined in § 16.1-228 or (ii) engages in consensual sexual intercourse or anal intercourse with or performs cunnilingus, fellatio, or anilingus upon or by a child 15 or older not his spouse, child, or grandchild is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor.If it is found that: (i) the minor has entered into a valid marriage, whether or not that marriage has been terminated by dissolution; or (ii) the minor is on active duty with any of the armed forces of the United States of America; or (iii) the minor willingly lives separate and apart from his or her parents or guardians, with the consent or acquiescence of the parents or guardians, and that the minor is or is capable of supporting himself or herself and competently managing his or her own financial affairs; or (iv) the minor desires to enter into a valid marriage and the requirements of § 16.1-331 are met. Among those effects are the abilities to contract, to provide consent for medical care, and to marry.In Virginia, the legal age for marriage is 18 years of age; however, a minor may marry before the age of majority if he or she is emancipated.Explanation – and carnally know a child aged 13-14 without the use of force, you are committing a Class 4 felony.